A ban on salary history inquiries by employers in the city of Brotherly Love was upheld by a federal court some three years after the challenge was filed by the Greater Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit last week vacated a preliminary injunction that had been granted on the inquiry provision of the ordinance and ruled the provision unconstitutional. Further, the Third Circuit held that Philadelphia had a substantial interest in closing the wage gap ruled that the ordinance directly “advances the Government’s interest in a direct and material way.” The ordinance prohibits employers from asking job applicants for their salary history or relying on that information when setting an employee’s pay level. It remains to be seen whether the Chamber will pursue a further appeal, but regardless of their decision, covered employers would be well-advised to review current employment application to ensure compliance; train hiring authorities within their firms to refrain from asking about salary histories; and establishing methods for setting pay levels using qualifications, work history, skills and job-related questions, all of which were referenced by the Circuit Court in its opinion.