The recent decision by SCOTUS in the Janus case, where the court ruled that public employees could not be forced to pay fair share fees to public employee unions is already having an impact on private sector unions. In Idaho last week, the International Union of Operating Engineers (IUOE) asked the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit to dismiss its suit challenging the state’s right to work laws for fear they would not prevail at SCOTUS. Although Janus technically only applies to public employee unions, it is a small step to applying the same principles to private organized labor and IUOE acknowledged that pursuing the challenge, which it initiated in 2015, in the wake of the Janus decision would essentially amount to a waste of union funds and may result in an even-more restrictive ruling.