Legislation has passed the Ohio state senate that exempts franchisors from joint employer status. Still subject to one final concurrence vote in the House before it is sent to the Governor for his signature, House bill 494 specifically exempts franchisors from any liability as a joint employer unless the franchisor specifically adopts joint employer status in writing, or a court determines that it is functioning as a joint employer. If ultimately signed into law, the legislation will make Ohio the 19th state to have codified in some form or other, a franchise exemption from the joint employer definition.