The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) heard oral arguments this week on a case coming out of Kansas relating the use of information taken from the I-9 Form. Kansas v Garcia involves three restaurant workers who were charged by the state of Kansas with identity theft based on fraudulent information included in state and federal tax forms. Because that same fraudulent information was included on the individuals’ I-9s, Kansas’ highest court tossed out the convictions. The court pointed to the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act which created the I-9 and further provides that information on the form “may not be used for purposes other than” federal enforcement of that law. Because the state of Kansas, rather than the federal government, brought legal action against the three illegal workers, the Kansas court ruled the I-9 information was illegally used to prosecute the offenders. Kansas appealed and the case has now been heard by the nation’s highest court. A decision is expected sometime next spring.