With the Biden administration releasing the final rule and parameters of its national vaccine mandate on businesses with 100 or more employees yesterday, we can expect to see more activity – legal, political and otherwise – around the broad idea of mandating vaccinations for all American workers. A vaccine mandate for indoor dining in the city of Los Angeles becomes effective on Monday, November 8. Under the provisions of the ordinance – The ordinance passed 11-2 last month calling for an effective date of November 4, but failing to get the required 12 votes, its effective date must be at least 30 days after passage (technically, after November 6). The provisions of the ordinance dictate that in covered establishments (where food or beverages are served as well as gyms and entertainment venues, among others) proof of vaccination – or a negative COVID test – are required in order for a patron to enter any indoor portion of the business. Although effective on Monday November 8, fines for violating the ordinance – which range from a warning to $1,000 for a 2nd violation, $3,000 for a 3rd, and $5,000 for each violation beyond three – will not be assessed until November 29,2021. It was a little different issue in Chicago this week, where a Cook County judge this week ruled that the City had to return to the bargaining table with the Fraternal Order of Police and other city unions, before it could begin enforcing its own vaccine mandate. Judge Raymond Mitchell left the mandate in place, but stayed the December 31 effective date until such time as the city and union negotiate a resolution. In a separate action however, a federal court judge denied a request for a temporary restraining order in a lawsuit brought by Chicago firefighters and other city worker unions. More to come!